Bangweulu – 6, 470 sq. km
This is one of Zambia’s important wetland areas. Prior to 2006, only the Chikuni area was a RAMSAR Site. However, in 2006 WWF -Partners in Zambia declared the entire 1,100,000 hectares of Bangweulu floodplain as a RAMSAR SITE.
The vegetation is swamp, floodplain grassland. There is miombo, termitaria and chipya woodland.
The GMA is well known for the endemic Black Lechwe and Tsessebe. Others are African Elephant, African Buffalo, Hippopotamus, Zebra, Sitatunga, Reedbuck, Bushbuck, Oribi, Common Duiker, Spotted Hyena and Side-striped Jackal. There are Slender-snouted and NIle Crocodiles and African Rock Pythons.
The GMA together with Isangano National Park is Important Bird Area (IBA) # 28. It has 390 bird species on record. It is most important for its population of Shoebills. This globally threatened species is resident in this GMA. There are other species of global importance including Slaty Egret, Pallid Harrier, Lesser Kestrel, Cape Vulture, Bateleur, African Marsh Harrier, African Skimmer, Great Snipe and Denham’s Bustard.
There are also important congregations of Spur-wing Goose, Openbill Stork, Wattled Crane, Southern Crowned Crane, White Pelican, White-backed Duck, Yellow-billed Duck, White-faced Whistling Duck, Hottentot Teal and Pygmy Goose.